Grinding Stones | Types And Applications

As you search grinding stones over the internet, most links will pull you back ancient years ago- to the Stone Age. Archaeologists detailed the specific possible events that occurred in that era. From the word itself, early people on that lifetime were highlighted on their constant use of stone on their day-to-day activities. Stone Age is divided into three separate periods- the Paleolithic Period, where man was a food gatherer; the Mesolithic Period, where man learned to domesticate plants and animals for food consumption; and the Neolithic Period, where man’s evolution was characterized by the use of stone tools. Such tools like weapons, farming tools and cooking tools were among the marked technological development of man in that period. The Neolithic people used grinding stones, which they specifically refer to millstones, solely to grind grains, nuts, rootstocks, and vegetables for food consumption. However, they also found it necessary that these grinding stones might be also used in grinding metal ores to separate iron from iron ore and copper as well. But this was apparently more developed during the Iron Age.  

Modern humans owe this developmental break to the Neoliths because their discovery of the grinding stones went very useful in their daily lives. Ancient agriculture used grinding stones in producing flour. Food has been the most basic necessity of man. Like breads from flours, have been the staple foods of mankind since then. Bread reigned over the ancient world, and even Romans converted it into political factor. Romans wanted to conquer Egypt because of its grains, and eventually rule over it. The first hand grinding stones ever dated are popularly known as mortars and pestles. They are described as thick bowl-shaped container with a short bat-shaped held by hand to pulverize certain food. In the ancient times, they used hard volcanic rocks and hard limestone to pulverize grains. The Egyptians also used them in preparing drugs for therapeutic and embalming purposes. On the contrary, in rural regions, the grinding stones are of great importance especially in the field of farming. They are used to reduce the size of certain kind of grains like corns, rye and wheat. Traditionally, rice and corns are pounded to produce smaller grains, which are used in preparing a meal. Grinding stones were also used to crack open hard nuts and to macerate nut kernels.

As the technological development outtakes the traditional means, advanced tools were developed to enhance production efficiently. Saddlestone mills appeared, and it consists of small stones with smooth faces used to pulverize larger grains into very fine particles by rubbing it in reciprocate motion in a large rock slabs. Quern mills, using more advanced grinding stones, were also developed using a cylindrical stone rolled along a concave kind. It has the same mechanism- to reduce particle size.

Since operating these grinding stones is very exhausting, it opened greater opportunities to everyone. Mills and factories need to hire enough workers to sustain the operations and increase their production. In the world of business, production is of great consideration. Flour mills for example, need to increase production since flour is one of the most basic ingredients in making foods and food products. In farming, especially in rice and corn producing countries, manpower is the ultimate weapon in the production of these products. Grinding stones are the tools or equipments that only aid the workers or the users to efficiently and effectively make their works faster and easier. In other words, producers and consumers are interdependently correlated with each other with the help of these tools.

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